BrailleNet Publications

AccessiWeb white papers

BrailleNet/G3ict white papers

BrailleNet Studies


AccessiWeb white papers

Some AccessiWeb workshops have resulted in the publication of a white paper offering an overview on a particular topic and summarising some of the projects presented and the discussions held during the workshop.

L’accessibilité des sites Web et des applications pour les mobiles (September 2016)

[The Accessibility of websites and applications for mobiles]

The Accessibility of websites and applications for mobiles

This white paper steps away from web technologies and languages such as HTML, CSS and ARIA to look at natively accessible mobile applications developed using languages and APIs for Android and iOS
Contents: mobile technologies in the RGAA; a presentation of resources available to assist with the design, development and testing of mobile applications; a case study on Orange; a summary of a testing exercise on mobile apps on Android and iOS conducted as part of the AccessiWeb workshop.

Choisir et utiliser un CMS pour créer des contenus accessibles (September 2015)

[Choosing and using a CMS to create accessible content]

Choosing and using a CMS to create accessible content

It is now widely accepted that accessibility must be considered from the very early stages of a Web project. This requires organisations to choose an appropriate Content Management System (CMS) from the outset. BrailleNet approached several experts who have developed and used CMS solutions and were ready to share their experiences.
Content: international standards; the accessibility policies of three major CMS solutions; improving the accessibility of a CMS; a comparative study of creating accessible content with three different CMS solutions.

BrailleNet/G3ict white papers

Each year, BrailleNet publishes in partnership with the Global Initiative for Inclusive ICTs (G3ict) a white paper which picks up and builds on the topics discussed at the European e-Accessibility Forum.

e-Accessible Culture (Spring 2018)

[PDF] [Word]

Culture brings people together around shared interests and plays a pivotal role in promoting social cohesion. It strengthens identities and encourages participation, recognition and legitimacy at both an individual and collective level. This White Paper explores the role digital technologies can play in ensuring our cultural landscape is inclusive. How can digital access empower disabled audiences and enable them to become full participants in cultural life?

Topics include:

  • How cultural institutions are using technology to embrace disabled audiences and improve access to their collections, information and activities;
  • How technology can facilitate creativite expression for people with disabilities;
  • How educators, arts organisations, public service providers and software and hardware developers can work together to build accessible solutions;
  • How progress can be leveraged through public and private initiatives;
  • How dialogue can be instigated between e-Accessibility stakeholders and the cultural industry to ensure that cultural assets and activities are born accessible.

e-Accessibility in a Connected World (Winter 2017)

e-Accessibility in a Connected World

[PDF] [Word]

Each day our social and economic lives become increasingly connected as the boundaries between physical and digital spaces fall away. The scale of this expanding infrastructure, commonly known as the Internet of Things (IoT), is unprecedented and forecast to grow at an astonishing rate. Still very much in its infancy, it is hoped that this web of intelligent and connected objects will make life a great deal easier for persons with disabilities and the elderly.

This White Paper explores such topics as:

  • The potential of the IoT to bridge the digital divide;
  • How dialogue can be instigated between e-Accessibility stakeholders and industry to ensure that all IoT components are born accessible;
  • Practical examples of how the IoT can and will improve the lives of disabled and elderly people;
  • How e-Accessibility stakeholders can tackle security and privacy issues and install trust among disabled and elderly users;
  • The need for standards to ensure that IoT solutions are accessible, robust and interoperable.

e-Accessible Knowledge (March 2016)

e-Accessible Knowledge

[PDF] [Word]

Disparities in capacity to access and use knowledge can greatly hinder the development of an inclusive society and become a significant source of inequality. This G3ict White Paper presents and discusses:

  • The need for customizable educational environments which adapt to diverse learning styles, abilities, preferences, and needs;
  • The importance of working with existing international standards that are accessible, interoperable, sustainable and recognized by industry;
  • How accessible content, learning environments and assessment methods can benefit all students, regardless of disabilities or learning differences.
  • How existing legislation can be used to challenge some of the mainstream technology and content vendors who fail to provide integrated access to their products and services.

User-Driven e-Accessibility (April 2015)

User-Driven e-Accessibility

[PDF] [Word]

Meeting the needs of the “average consumer” is no longer sufficient. To build and sustain a robust digital economy, industry and government agencies must be responsive to the needs and preferences of a broad cross-section of the population, including those of people with disabilities. This White Paper presents and discusses:

  • Real life case studies in which users are helping to shape and improve accessible ICT products and services;
  • The crossover between usability and accessibility and how UX practitioners, web designers, developers and their clients can ensure an optimum experience for all users;
  • How user-centric methodologies have the potential to enhance user experience by tailoring presentation, content and functionality to each individual user;
  • Examples of intelligent web service applications that empower users by allowing them to collect, enhance and share information tailored to their interests and to their needs;
  • How existing and planned legislation at both national and European level will help to ensure that all users have access to information, products and services on an equal footing.

Developing e-Accessibility as a Professional Skill (March 2014)

Developing e-Accessibility as a Professional Skill

[PDF] [Word]

The role of industry specialists and policymakers is paramount in fostering e-Accessibility as a professional skill. Governments and organizations wishing to see increased levels of e-Accessibility will need to act decisively to ensure professionals have access to quality educational resources. This White Paper presents and discusses:

  • The existing body of highly specialised, largely self-taught, practitioners that make up the e-Accessibility profession today;
  • Courses and modules available to undergraduates and professionals;
  • The immediate business relevance of eAccessibility training;
  • The role of policymakers and business stakeholders in improving access to relevant training;
  • International advocacy, networks and resources.

Putting e-Accessibility at the Core of Information Systems (March 2013)

Putting e-Accessibility at the Core of Information Systems

[PDF] [Word]

We are seeing a complete change in the way people with some form of disability can use technology. The advent of new ‘smart’ devices and digital formats that integrate accessibility is the first step towards making accessibility mainstream. Companies who show top-level commitment to developing new products and services based on sustainable working practices that take accessibility into account at their core will invariably increase their market share and drive overall performance and innovation in their field. This White Paper presents and discusses:

  • The notion that e-accessibility must no longer be approached as an afterthought but rather as a core component of information systems with the potential to increase business and performance;
  • The importance of widely recognized standards and technical guidance;
  • The need for industry leaders to rise to the challenge and provide all stakeholders, from designers to end users, with the necessary tools and training to make e-accessibility feasible in large organizations;
  • The means to design, build and distribute accessible products and services; and
  • The importance of implementing accessibility in the day-to-day activities of digital content and service providers.

Benefits and Costs of e-Accessibility (March 2012)

Benefits and Costs of e-Accessibility

[PDF] [Word]

e-Accessibility is now recognized as an important and relevant aspect of our highly digitized world; accessibility legislation has been adopted in numerous countries, while many successful businesses and thousands of professionals have emerged in the field. However, despite technological and political achievements, there is still relatively little information about the economic aspects of e-Accessibility. This white paper concludes that:

  • e-Accessibility costs are highly dependent on the structure of the market and of supporting e-Accessibility business ecosystems;
  • Cost-benefit analysis can be applied to e-Accessibility to demonstrate its socioeconomic benefits as well as to document the costs incurred by the lack of e-accessibility;
  • Litigation influences the e-Accessibility economy and can have a bearing on the costs involved;
  • Standards can help incorporate e-Accessibility widely in business and industrial practices so that products are accessible to everyone;
  • Standards create a level playing field so that accessible products and services can compete effectively.

BrailleNet Studies

Ce que les sites Web publics nous disent de leur accessibilité  (March 2014)

[What public websites tell us about their accessibility]

What public websites tell us about their accessibility

This is the first quantitative study of this scale on the accessibility of public services in France. The results reveal that less than 4% of the 600 websites examined as part of the study provided RGAA compliant accessibility statements. They also demonstrate that best practice is not reserved for authorities with the biggest budgets, but rather those who have ethical motivations or more effective quality controls in place during the web production process.

AccesSite, Alter Way, pixFL and Jouve, all members of the Groupe de Travail AccessiWeb (GTA) and experts in the field, contributed to the study.


Accessibilité numérique des portails de bibliothèque (2014)

[Accessibility of digital library portals]

Accessibility of digital library portals

A quantitative and qualitative study on the compliancy of public libraries in France.

Study coordinated by Tosca consultants and pixFL in collaboration with BrailleNet and the French Ministry of Culture.